CFS Aeroproducts Anti-Fraud Policy
The Company always requires all staff to act honestly and with integrity and to safeguard the resources for which they are responsible. The Company’s policy is that:
- any level of fraud or corruption in or against the Company will not be tolerated.
- every attempt will be made to deter and prevent fraud.
- opportunities for fraud and corruption will be reduced to the lowest possible level of risk.
- staff will be made aware of the obligation to report suspicions of fraud.
- mechanisms will be in place for staff to report fraud.
- any suspicion of fraud will be thoroughly investigated and dealt with appropriately.
- any evidence of criminal activity will be reported to the Police; and
- mechanisms will be in place for seeking redress in respect of money defrauded.
The Company also expects that individuals and Companies (e.g. suppliers, contractors, and service providers) that it interacts with will act towards the Company with integrity and without thought or actions involving fraud. Where relevant the Company will include appropriate clauses in its contracts about the consequences of fraud, bribery, and corruption; evidence of such acts is likely to lead to a termination of the contract and may lead to prosecution.
Avenues for Reporting Fraud
The Company has in place avenues for reporting suspicions of fraud. Staff should report such suspicions to the Fraud Liaison Officer or other nominated person responsible for managing the risk of fraud within the Company
All matters will be dealt with in confidence. Vigorous and prompt investigations will be conducted into all cases, or actual or suspected fraud discovered or reported.
The governing body within the Company has overall responsibility for the Company’s counter-fraud policy and procedures, and for establishing and maintaining a sound system of internal control that supports the achievement of the Company’s policies, aims and objectives.
The system of internal control is based on an ongoing process designed to identify the principal risks, to evaluate the nature and extent of those risks and to manage them effectively. Managing fraud risk will be seen in the context of the management of this wider range of risks.
- Developing a fraud risk profile and undertaking a regular review of the fraud risks associated with each of the key Company objectives to keep the profile current.
- Establishing an effective anti-fraud policy and fraud response plan, commensurate to the level of fraud risk identified in the fraud risk profile.
- Designing an effective control environment to prevent fraud commensurate with the fraud risk profile.
Establishing appropriate mechanisms for:
- reporting fraud risk issues.
- reporting incidents of fraud to the governing body.
- reporting to the Department and / or the Police; and
- Consulting with the Risk Management Committee and / or Audit Committee.
- Ensuring that the Company’s recruitment policy is adhered to and that effective steps are taken at recruitment to establish, as far as possible, the honesty and integrity of potential employees, whether for permanent, temporary, or casual posts.
- Making sure that all staff are aware of the Company’s anti-fraud policy and know what their responsibilities are in relation to combating fraud.
- Ensuring that appropriate counter-fraud training is available to staff.
- Ensuring that vigorous and prompt investigations are conducted if fraud occurs or is suspected.
- Ensuring that appropriate legal and / or disciplinary action is taken against perpetrators of fraud.
- Taking appropriate disciplinary action against supervisors where supervisory failures have contributed to the commission of fraud.
- Taking appropriate disciplinary action against staff who fail to report fraud.
- Taking appropriate action to recover assets.
- Ensuring that appropriate action is taken to minimise the risk of similar frauds occurring in future.
Operational managers / supervisors are responsible for:
- Ensuring that an adequate system of internal control exists within their areas of responsibility and that controls operate effectively.
- Preventing and detecting fraud.
- Assessing the types of risk involved in the operations for which they are responsible.
- Reviewing and evaluating the control systems for which they are responsible regularly.
- Ensuring that controls are being complied with and their systems continue to operate effectively.
- Implementing new controls to reduce the risk of similar fraud occurring where frauds have taken place.
Every member of staff is responsible for:
- Acting with propriety in the use of the Company’s resources and the handling and use of funds whether they are involved with cash or payments systems, receipts or dealing with suppliers.
- Being alert to the possibility that unusual events or transactions could be indicators of fraud.
- Reporting details immediately through the appropriate channel if they suspect that a fraud has been committed or see any suspicious acts or events.
- Cooperating fully with whoever is conducting internal checks or reviews or fraud investigations.
Fraud Response Plan
The purpose of this plan is to provide guidance on the action to be taken when a fraud is suspected or discovered. It covers among other things, to whom the fraud will be reported, responsibilities for actions, who will investigate the incident and how employees under suspicion will be dealt with. The use of the plan may enable the governing body within the Company to:
prevent further loss.
- establish and secure evidence necessary for criminal and disciplinary action.
- notify the relevant authority, funding body and/or Police.
- establish circumstances in which external specialists will be involved.
- minimise and recover losses.
- punish the culprits.
- review the reasons for the incident, the measures taken to prevent a recurrence, and any action needed to strengthen future responses to fraud; and
- keep all personnel with a need to know suitably informed about the incident and the Company’s response.
Detection Suspicion of fraud or irregularity may be captured through several means, including the following:
- supervision and checking outputs.
- random spot checks by managers.
- operation of proper management and control procedures.
- a complete and secure audit trail; and
- suspicions of fraud reported by staff.
Action to be taken
All actual or suspected incidents of fraud will be reported without delay to the Fraud Liaison Officer or other nominated person responsible for managing the risk of fraud within the Company.
The Company will immediately take steps to identify if the actual or suspected fraud involves public funding or is restricted to the Company’s own funds.
Where the fraud may involve public funding, the Company will immediately contact the relevant funding body for guidance on what action needs to be taken by the Company.
If the fraud involves the Company’s own private funding, then the Police should be notified immediately. In such instances the Police will be responsible for taking forward any investigation and providing advice in respect of any preliminary enquiry to be undertaken.
Prevention of further loss
Where initial enquiries provide reasonable grounds for suspecting a member or members of staff of fraud, the Company will decide how to prevent further loss. This may require the suspension, with or without pay of the suspect(s); it may be necessary to plan the timing of suspension to prevent the suspect(s) from destroying or removing evidence that may be needed to support disciplinary or criminal action.
In these circumstances, the suspect(s) will be approached unannounced. They will be supervised at all times before leaving the premises. They will be allowed to collect individual property under supervision but will not be able to remove any property belonging to the Company. Any security passes and keys to premises, offices and furniture will be returned.
The Company will consider the best means of denying access to its premises/property while the suspect(s) remain suspended (for example by changing locks and informing staff not to admit the individual(s) to any part of the premises). Similarly, access permissions to all computer systems will be withdrawn.
Establishing and securing evidence
Following an allegation or the report of a suspicion of fraud, information to determine whether fraud is a possibility will initially be obtained by the Company:
Discreet enquiries –
The Company must follow up any such suspicions or allegations; this may involve enquiries with for example members of the management committee, employees, and volunteers. These will be conducted in such a way as to ensure that innocent individuals are not harmed by false accusations; and in the event of a fraud having been committed to avoid alerting the perpetrators.
Review of documents/records–
Security of records – once a suspected fraud is reported, steps will be taken immediately to prevent the theft, alteration, or destruction of relevant records. Such actions may include, but are not necessarily limited to, removing the records, and placing them in a secure location, limiting access to the location(s) where the records currently exist, and preventing the individual(s) suspected of committing the fraud from having access to the records. The records must be adequately secured until the relevant investigation unit or the Police obtain the records to begin an investigation.
The funding body or the Police may consider whether it is necessary to investigate systems other than that which has given rise to suspicion, to determine the extent of any fraudulent activity
At an early stage, it may be useful to seek guidance from either the funding body or the Police, on how to proceed and to ensure that evidence requirements will be met during any fraud investigation.
Recovery of losses
Where the Company has suffered a loss, efforts will be made to recover that loss. In some circumstances this may involve a civil action and it will probably be necessary to seek legal advice. If the loss may be covered by insurance, then the appointed brokers will be advised at the earliest opportunity. The funding body or the Police should be able to advise on options available.
The application of disciplinary procedures is solely a matter for the Company. Advice shall however be obtained, either from the funding body or the Police, on whether such action could impede or interfere with a potential criminal investigation.
All disciplinary action will be conducted in line with relevant employment legislation and recognised codes of practice.
Review of Fraud Response Plan
The Fraud Response Plan will be reviewed annually or following an incident of fraud, to ensure that it reflects changes, which may be necessary to strengthen future responses to fraud. Changes to the Fraud Response Plan will be the responsibility of the Company.